Molcho, Solomon

(c. 1500-32)
   Italian kabbalist and pseudo-messiah. He was born in Lisbon of marrano parents, and his given name was Diogo Pires. He became secretary to the King of Portugal's council and recorder at the Court of Appeals. After meeting David Reuveni he circumcised himself and took his Hebrew name. He lived for a time in Salonika, where he studied kabbalah, then returned to Italy. Believing himself to be the Messiah, he preached about the coming of messianic redemption. Although he obtained the protection of Pope Clement VII against the Inquisition, he was accused by an inquisitional court of Judaizing (trying to persuade converts to Chritianity to return to Judaism) and was condemned to be burned at the stake. He was reprieved on this occasion, but was condemned again after refusing to convert to Christianity and was burned in 1532. Many Jews and marranos in Italy refused to believe that he had died, and thought he had been saved once more.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MOLCHO, SOLOMON — (c. 1500–1532), kabbalist and pseudomessiah. Born in Lisbon of Marrano parents, he was originally called Diogo Pires. Though details on his early life are scarce, it is clear that he received a secular education and, at the age of 21, was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Molcho, Solomon — orig. Diogo Pires born с 1500, Portugal died 1532, Mantua Portuguese Jewish martyr. Born into a Marrano family, he became royal secretary in a Portuguese high court of justice. When an Arabian adventurer, David Reubeni (d. с 1532), arrived in… …   Universalium

  • Molcho, Solomon — (c. 1500–32)    Pseudo messiah. Molcho was born Diogo Pieres in Lisbon, of Marrano parents. It seems that he studied Hebrew, rabbinic literature and maybe the Cabbala as a boy. On the arrival of David REUVENI in Portugal in 1525, Molcho was swept …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Molcho, Solomon — orig. Diogo Pires ( 1500, Portugal–1532, Mantua). Mártir judío portugués. Nació en una familia de origen marrano, se convirtió en secretario real de un tribunal superior de justicia portuguesa. Cuando un aventurero árabe, David Reubeni (m. 1532) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Solomon Molcho — Stylized signature of Solomon Molcho. Source: Manuscript owned by the Alliance Israélite Universelle Born Diogo Pires 1500 Portugal Died …   Wikipedia

  • Solomon — /sol euh meuhn/, n. 1. fl. 10th century B.C., king of Israel (son of David). 2. an extraordinarily wise man; a sage. 3. a male given name. * * * I flourished 10th century BC Son and successor of David. Nearly all that is known about him comes… …   Universalium

  • Solomon — (as used in expressions) Alkalai, Judah ben Solomon Hai Bandaranaike, S(olomon) W(est) R(idgeway) D(ias) Elijah ben Solomon Guggenheim, Solomon (Robert) Hurok, Sol(omon Isiaevich) Solomon ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol Israeli, Isaac ben Solomon Luria,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • AMARILLO, ḤAYYIM MOSES BEN SOLOMON — (1695–1748), halakhic authority and preacher; brother of aaron amarillo . Born in Salonika, Ḥayyim Moses studied under his father Solomon, who before his death appointed him his successor as preacher in the Talmud Torah congregation. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DIENNA, AZRIEL BEN SOLOMON — (d. 1536), Italian rabbi and halakhic authority. Dienna, who came from a French family that had settled in Italy, studied under R. Nethanel Trabot. In his youth he was a teacher in Reggio and later moved to Pavia where he remained for 15 years.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ḤABIB, MOSES BEN SOLOMON IBN — (c. 1654–1696), Turkish rabbi and author. He was born in salonika , a descendant of , and went to Jerusalem in his youth. He studied in the yeshivah of Jacob Ḥagiz and from c. 1677 to 1679 he traveled as an emissary of Jerusalem, reaching as far… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.